What are the different types of stages in Snowflake?

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What are the different types of stages in Snowflake?

Daniel Steinhold Answered question August 19, 2023
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Snowflake has two types of stages: internal stages and external stages.

– **Internal stages** store files within Snowflake’s storage system. They are created and managed by Snowflake, and can be accessed by all users.
– **External stages** store files in an external location, such as Amazon S3 or Azure Blob Storage. They must be created by users, and can only be accessed by the users who created them.

Here is a table summarizing the key differences between internal and external stages in Snowflake:

| Feature | Internal stages | External stages |
| — | — | — |
| Location | Stored within Snowflake’s storage system | Stored in an external location |
| Management | Created and managed by Snowflake | Created and managed by users |
| Access | Can be accessed by all users | Can only be accessed by the users who created them |

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The type of stage that you choose will depend on your specific needs. If you need to store files within Snowflake’s storage system, then you should use an internal stage. If you need to store files in an external location, then you should use an external stage.

Here are some additional considerations when choosing between internal and external stages:

– **Performance:** Internal stages typically offer better performance than external stages, because the data does not need to be transferred between Snowflake and the external location.
– **Cost:** Internal stages are typically more expensive than external stages, because Snowflake charges for the storage space that they use.
– **Security:** Internal stages are typically more secure than external stages, because the data is stored within Snowflake’s secure environment.

I hope this helps!

Daniel Steinhold Answered question August 19, 2023
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