How can I troubleshoot and resolve errors encountered during dynamic table refreshes?

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How can I troubleshoot and resolve errors encountered during dynamic table refreshes?

Daniel Steinhold Asked question March 15, 2024

Troubleshooting errors in Snowflake's dynamic table refreshes involves a systematic approach to identify the root cause and implement a resolution. Here's a breakdown of the process:

  1. Identify the Error:
  • Review Notifications: If you have alerts set up, you'll likely receive notifications about failing refreshes.
  • Snowsight UI: Check the "Refresh History" tab of the affected dynamic table in Snowsight for details like error messages and timestamps.
  1. Investigate the Root Cause:
  • Error Messages: The error message itself often provides valuable clues about the nature of the problem. Look for keywords related to invalid data, syntax errors, or resource limitations.
  • Information Schema Functions: Utilize functions like DYNAMIC_TABLE_REFRESH_HISTORY to get a detailed history of the refresh attempts, including error messages for past failures.
  1. Debug and Resolve:
  • SQL Logic: If the error points towards an issue within the SQL statement of the dynamic table, you can use standard SQL debugging techniques to identify and fix syntax errors or logical mistakes within the transformation logic.
  • Insufficient Permissions: Ensure the user or role refreshing the table has proper permissions to access all underlying source data and tables involved in the dependency chain.
  • Resource Constraints: If the error suggests resource limitations (e.g., timeouts, memory issues), consider optimizing the SQL query or adjusting the refresh schedule to reduce load during peak usage times.
  • Schema Changes: Be aware of potential schema changes in upstream tables that might impact the dependent dynamic table. Update the dependent table's SQL statement to adapt to the new schema, if necessary.
  1. Rollback and Retry (Optional):
  • In case the refresh error corrupts data, leverage Snowflake's time travel functionality to revert the table to a previous successful state.
  • Once you've addressed the root cause, retry the refresh manually or wait for the next scheduled refresh to occur.
  1. Advanced Debugging Techniques:
  • Snowflake Support: For complex issues, consider contacting Snowflake support for assistance. They can provide deeper insights into system logs and offer additional troubleshooting guidance.
  • Explain Plans: Utilize Snowflake's EXPLAIN PLAN statement to analyze the query plan for the dynamic table's SQL statement. This can help identify potential inefficiencies or bottlenecks within the transformation logic.


  • Document the error, troubleshooting steps taken, and the resolution implemented for future reference.
  • Regularly monitor your dynamic tables to proactively identify and address potential issues before they significantly impact your data pipelines.

By following these steps and best practices, you can effectively troubleshoot and resolve errors encountered during dynamic table refreshes in Snowflake, ensuring the smooth functioning and data quality of your data pipelines.

Daniel Steinhold Changed status to publish March 15, 2024

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